This herbal mixture consists of three medicinal plants native to India. It's a staple in traditional Ayurvedic medicine, one of the world's oldest medical systems that originated in India over 3,000 years ago. Due to its many purported health benefits, Triphala has become increasingly popular around the world.
Indian people believe that Triphala care for the internal organs as a mother cares for her children. Reference to the use of Triphala can be traced back in Sushrut Samhita, which is dated to 1500BC.
It consists of dried powder of three different dried fruits, hence its name: tri (Three) and phala (Fruit). The dried powders of fruits of Amla (Phyllanthus emblica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), and Baheda (Terminalia bellirica) are mixed in equal parts to make a proper Triphala powder.
Active Constituents of Triphala: Amla- These fruits contain high amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and have a bitter taste that may derive from a high density of ellagitannins, such as emblicanin A (37%), emblicanin B (33%), punigluconin (12%), and pedunculagin (14%). Amla also contains punicafolin and phyllanemblinin A, phyllanemblin other polyphenols, such as flavonoids, kaempferol, ellagic acid, and gallic acid.
Haritaki- The fruit contains hydrolysable tannins (gallic acid, chebulic acid, punicalagin, chebulanin, corilagin, neochebulinic, ellagic acid, chebulegic acid, chebulinic acid, 1,2,3,4,6- penta-Ogalloyl-ß-D-glucose, 1,6,-di-O-galloyl-D-glucose, casuarinin, 3,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-D-glucose and terchebulin). It also contains flavonol glycosides, triterpenoids and coumarin conjugated with gallic acid called chebulin. In addition, ethyl gallate and luteolin were isolated from the fruit of T. chebula. It also consists of nutrients such as vitamin C, protein, amino acids and minerals.
Baheda- These fruits contain hexahydroxydiphenic acid, methyl ester, β sitosterol, gallic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose, chebulagic acid and mannitol.
Uses of TRIPHALA:
i) Amla (Indian Gooseberry, aka. Amalaki) is one of the highest natural known source of vitamin C, having 20 times the vitamin C content of an orange. The vitamin C in Amla is also uniquely heat stable. Amla is associated with the pitta dosha.
ii) Baheda is astringent, tonic, digestive and anti-spasmodic.
iii) Haritaki is a bitter and associated with the vata dosha, elements of air and space. It has emollient properties and as with most bitters, encourages peristalsis and proper digestion.
Health benefits: Beyond its effect on the gastrointestinal tract, Triphala is believed to relieve stress, control diabetes, promote weight loss, reduce cholesterol, alleviate inflammation, and treat a variety of bacterial and fungal infections, dental issues, cataracts, etc.
Capsules and tablets are by far the easiest preparation to use. While most Triphala supplements are sold in 500 mg to 1,000 mg doses, the dose refers to the amount of extract used rather than the individual ingredients.
Triphala juice can be diluted with water to create a mouthwash. The powder is sometimes mixed with coconut or jojoba oil for use in scalp and hair treatments.
Not for use during pregnancy or lactation. In case a medical condition or concomitant use of pharmaceutical drugs, please consult your doctor prior to use.
Many of the compounds found in Triphala are metabolized by liver enzymes known as cytochrome P450 (CYP450). Taking Triphala with other drugs that utilize CYP450 may adversely increase or decrease their concentration in the blood.
Avoid Triphala if taking any of the following medications:
Anti-arrhythmia drugs like quinidine
Anticonvulsants like Tegretol (carbamazepine) and Trileptal (oxcarbazepine)
Antifungal drugs like Nizoral (ketoconazole) and Vfend (voriconazole)
Antipsychotic drugs like Orap (pimozide)
Atypical antidepressants like nefazodone
Benzodiazepine sedatives like Klonopin (clonazepam) and Halcion (triazolam)
HIV drugs like Reyataz (atazanavir) and Crixivan (indinavir)
Immune-suppressive drugs like Sandimmune (cyclosporine)
Macrolide antibiotics like clarithromycin and telithromycin
Migraine medications like Ergomar (ergotamine)
Opioid painkillers like Duragesic (fentanyl) and alfentanil
Rifampin-based drugs used to treat tuberculosis
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